If your IVF has failed, it is time to look closely at the quality of the oocytes and examine the reasons for the failure. Dr Jon Aizpurua, MD, PhD, gynaecologist, obstetrician, the founder, and president of IVF-Spain answered patients’ questions during the Online Patient Meeting.
Dr Jon Aizpurua started his talk by explaining how unique the shape of oocytes is. He explained that among all other somatic and germinal cells, the egg, the oocyte, is the most complex cell in the human body. It is also the biggest, it’s the only one that can be seen with bare eyes, it’s like one-tenth of 1 millimetre, so you don’t need a microscope to see an oocyte. In terms of predicting the IVF treatments success, the female factor is the most relevant and the oocyte singular cell is the most powerful predictive factor in terms of the quality and outcome of the treatments. It is a very complex cell, but it’s also very difficult to approach it and analyse it. Dr Aizpurua admitted that there are very few works and scientific evidence on the crucial factors of the viability of egg cells.
The most relevant factor related to the oocyte quality is the age of the oocyte. This is a take-home message that all should remember from this webinar. It is quite relevant in terms of the quality of the egg because time is a crucial factor in the decrease of the ovarian reserve, time in the fertility life of a woman. The older the woman is, the weaker the genetic background of the oocyte, which will later produce aneuploidies, embryos developing weekly, and at the end, implantation failures, abortions. Therefore, the most relevant factor in reproductive technologies and then assisted reproduction technologies is the age of the ovary and oocytes.- Questions and Answers