In this video, Dr Veronica Legidos Lopez, Gynaecologist at IVI Clinic, Alicante, has answered patients’ questions about the egg donation process abroad.
Dr Lopez started by explaining that many times the egg donation treatment is the only option for some couples to achieve pregnancy or the easiest option as sometimes it is very hard to have a successful IVF outcome with own eggs. It’s important to mention that egg donation treatment has the highest pregnancy rate in all clinics worldwide. Although the success rates can vary from clinic to clinic, it’s more or less 65% within 1 attempt. The first step is to be sure that the egg donation is for you, the psychological aspect is very important and it is always a difficult decision. Once the couple decides to move forward with egg donation, the process itself is easy.
First, the donor is matched with the recipient according to the physical characteristics, the blood group is also matched with the recipient or male partner. There is no waiting time. All egg donors are thoroughly screened to make sure they are healthy, Karyotype is checked, and blood test is also performed to rule out infectious diseases such as HIV, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, gonorrhoea and chlamydia. Dr Lopez mentioned that at IVI clinic, they always guarantee 8 oocytes from the egg donor, but most of the time more eggs are retrieved, and two day 5 embryos (blastocyst stage) are also guaranteed. When the eggs are collected, they are fertilized with the partner’s sperm or donor sperm, after they are fertilized, we wait until the embryos are developed till day 5 and then the best ones are selected. The top-quality embryo is selected and transferred to the recipient’s uterus. Any surplus embryos are frozen and can be used for another IVF attempt and another child, or in case, it doesn’t work the first time, for the second attempt.
When the donor is matched, the next step is performing an ovarian stimulation for the egg donor and the recipient is prepared for the embryo transfer. Nowadays, single embryo transfer is recommended in most cases as multiple embryo transfer increase the chance of twin pregnancy, which can result in complications for the mother and future child.
The last thing that Dr Lopez added was that it is crucial to do a personalized treatment to each patient and provide all necessary details before starting the treatment.
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